White Oak - Quercus alba


Tree Description:

A large forest or shade tree to 100 feet tall and a trunk to 3 feet or more in diameter, with a broad, rounded crown of dense foliage. Open grown specimens often develop a short trunk and far-reaching limbs.



Simple, alternate, 6" to 9" long and about half as wide, deeply divided into 7 to 11 rounded, finger­like lobes without bristle tips. Young leaves are a soft silvery-gray or reddish while unfolding, later becoming blue-green, dull above and very pale below.



Male and female flowers borne separately in spring on the same tree; male catkins 3" to 4" long, yellowish-green, female flowers reddish, about 0.5" long, usually solitary.



An acorn, requiring one season to mature, 0.75" to 1" long, light brown, about one-fourth enclosed in a warty bowl-shaped cup.



Smooth and red-brown on young trees, quickly developing white to ash-gray scales that ultimately form broad, loose plates giving the trunk a "shaggy" appearance. Old trees develop dark, thin ridges and deep fissures.



Heavy, strong, hard, tough, close-grained, durable, and light brown in color, its uses include construction, watertight barrels, furniture, wagons, tool handles, cabinets, flooring, and fuelwood.


Interesting Facts:

Oaks can be separated into two main groups: white oaks and red oaks. While oak wood is often used to make barrels of many kinds, only wood from the white oak group can be used for watertight barrels because the pores in its wood are blocked by structures called "tyloses" that don't allow liquids to leak out.


Terms and Conditions

  • Remember, no more than 1 of each kind and a limit of 3 total trees per household. Baltimore City residents only please.
  • I agree to plant this tree in Baltimore City on my property/with permission from property owner within two weeks of the giveaway date.
  • I understand that by accepting this tree, I agree to allow TreeBaltimore to map and monitor the health of your tree as part of their tree giveaway survive-ability study.
  • This website is intended to provide general information only. Always seek the advice of a health professional before eating any plant matter. Information provided is not designed to diagnose, prescribe, or treat any illness, or injury. Always consult a health care professional or medical doctor when suffering from any health ailment, disease, illness, or injury, or before attempting any traditional or folk remedies. As with any natural product, they can be toxic if misused.

White Oak